|Principal researchers:||Andréa Matsunaga, Maurício Tsugawa, Dr. José A.B. Fortes (ACIS – UF), Dr. Annie Anton (North Carolina State University), Dr. Jaime Carbonell (Carnegie Mellon), Dr. Violetta Cavalli-Sforza (Carnegie Mellon), Dr. Ron Cole (University of Colorado), Dr. Lilian de Brens (PUCMM), Maria Lucia de la Torre (OAS), Beatriz Piñeres (OAS), Dr. Stanley Su, University of Florida), Pedro Taveras (PUCMM), Dr. Donald Towsley (University of Massachusetts), Jose Luis Ventura (PUCMM), Dr. Wayne Ward (University of Colorado)|
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|Summary:||Research challenges fall in the following areas:
Spoken dialogue systems for data collection, training and learning; Active data management and security techniques for rule-based data sharing and filtering; Information retrieval and machine translation technology for sharing documents and searching information across different languages and countries; Middleware for transnational (heterogeneous) information grids that enable private, secure and dependable automation of collaboration processes and policies, and the delivery of computing services through Internet portals; and Network behavior modeling and optimization for delivery of acceptable quality of service. We propose research in the context of a process of transnational cooperation among all Western Hemisphere governments that deals with the negative impacts on society of illicit drug production, traffic and consumption. The process is coordinated by CICAD-- the Inter-American Drug Abuse Control Commission, which is a technical body of the member nations of the OAS. The process, called the Multilateral Evaluation Mechanism (MEM), is defined as a singular and objective process of multilateral governmental evaluation, in dealing with the diverse manifestations of the drug problem. The MEM requires that countries collect, share and analyze extensive amounts of information in accordance with agreed-upon standard indicators presented in the form of a questionnaire. A complete response to this questionnaire on the part of OAS countries and the success of the analysis of this data at the regional level requires data that is obtainable, compatible, and exchangeable. In this context much available data is currently lost due to the non-automation of national government processes. National collection of some MEM-related data is facilitated by CICAD-developed uniform data collection systems that include transnational instruments that facilitate the conduct of national epidemiological surveys and the collection of traffic-related data and documentary materials. One of the objectives of this project is to provide innovative information technology approaches to the deployment and use of these and other instruments and systems for data collection and analysis throughout the participating countries.
The proposed work will be conducted by a team of researchers from five universities (Carnegie Mellon U., U. of Belize, U. of Colorado, U. of Florida, U. of Massachusetts and Ponticia Universidad Cat lica Madre y Maestra (PUCMM)) and experts from agencies in three different countries (US, Belize and the Dominican Republic). Under the umbrella of the OAS, several ministries and agencies in the three countries will be involved. These include two OAS departments in Washington, D.C. (the Department of Technology and Facility Services and CICAD s Inter-American Observatory on Drugs); the National Drug Abuse Control Council of Belize s Ministry of Health; and the National Drug Council of the Dominican Republic. The university researchers include experts on speech-based interfaces, machine translation, databases, information retrieval, Internet computing and networking. The successful deployment of an automatic process of collection of MEM-related data that is viable and sustainable across the participating countries will create model that can be used by all countries in the Caribbean region and subsequently extended to the entire Western Hemisphere.